Duchy of Lancaster Plans
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- Held At: Parliamentary Archives: GB-061
- Catalogue Reference: LAN
- Former Archival Reference: Historical Collection 127
- Date: 1814-1914
- Level: Fonds
- Extent: 70 plans
- Creator Name: Duchy of Lancaster, 1399-
- Administrative or Biographical History: The origin of the Duchy of Lancaster goes back to Henry III who in 1265, gave his son, Edmund lands which had belonged to Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester. In 1267 the inheritance acquired the name of Lancaster, when Edmund was given the County, the honour and the Castle of Lancaster, and became Earl of Lancaster. Edmund's grandson, Henry, subsequently inherited the title and was made first Duke of Lancaster in 1351. Henry had no male heir and therefore, in 1362 the title and inheritance passed to his son-in-law, John of Gaunt. John of Gaunt added to the Lancaster possessions, and Lancaster was made a County Palatinate - meaning the Lord of the land enjoys semi-royal jurisdiction, although still a subject and tenant-in-chief of the crown. Since John of Gaunt's death and the accession of Henry IV in 1399, the Duchy of Lancaster has been in the hands of the Crown and the term Duchy has come to refer to the whole estate. However, the Duchy retains its separate identity and continues to be administered separately from the other Crown estates. The Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster is a member of the Cabinet. The role carries duties in connection with the administration of the Duchy's estates and rents.
- Acquisition: Transferred from Duchy Office to Parliamentary Archives on 24 June 1964. Accession Number 425.
- Description: Duchy of Lancaster deposited plans relating to Private Bills in the Duchy.
- Access Status: Open