Correspondence and papers of Sir William Allen Jowitt (1885-1957), Earl Jowitt
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- Held At: Parliamentary Archives: GB-061
- Catalogue Reference: JOW
- Former Archival Reference: Historical Collection 421
- Date: 1902-1991
- Level: Fonds
- Extent: 6 series; 101 files
- Creator Name: Jowitt; Sir; William Allen (1885-1957); Earl Jowitt; Lord Chancellor
- Administrative or Biographical History: William Jowitt entered Parliament in 1922 as Independent Liberal member of Parliament for the Hartlepools, although he lost his seat in the general election of 1924. In 1929 he was returned to Parliament as Liberal member for Preston, but was then controversially made Attorney General in the Labour Government, winning his seat a second time as a Labour member. He continued to serve as Attorney General in the 'national' Government of 1931, and was consequently expelled from the Labour Party. Defeated at the general election of 1931, he resigned his Office and resumed his practice at the Bar.
Jowitt was readmitted to the Labour Party in 1936, and in October 1939 he was returned unopposed as member for Ashton-under-Lyne. During the war he served as Solicitor General, Paymaster General and Minister for National Insurance. In 1945 he became Lord Chancellor in the Labour Government, with the title Baron Jowitt, of Stevenage. On relinquishing the office of Lord Chancellor on the election of the Conservative Government in 1951 he was created an Earl. From 1952 until November 1955 he served as leader of the Opposition in the House of Lords.
For a more detailed biography of Jowitt see his authority file.
- Acquisition: Presented in 1997 as a gift by Lady Penelope Wynn-Williams, Earl Jowitt's daughter. Accession number 3340.
- Category: Personal/Political Papers
- Description: Records of William Jowitt, lawyer, politician and author, including correspondence with colleagues and acquaintances, transcripts of speeches on legal or political issues, newspaper cuttings relating to his career and associated printed items. Also included is a small amount of personal material such as family correspondence.
- Language: English unless otherwise stated.
- System of Arrangement: As far as possible the original file arrangement employed by Jowitt has been retained. Much of the collection was originally stored in three 20th century dispatch boxes marked: 'Lord Chancellor', 'HM Attorney General Indian Round Table Conference', and 'Rt. Hon. Sir W.Jowitt KC MP'. These boxes were emptied and given the reference codes HIST 421/14-16. The first and third of these have now been destroyed. The second has been preserved as JOW/13.
- Access Status: Open