Public Act, 3 Charles I, c. 1: Petition of Right
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- Held At: Parliamentary Archives: GB-061
- Catalogue Reference: HL/PO/PU/1/1627/3C1n2
- Former Archival Reference: Display document E.120
- Date: 1628
- Level: File
- Extent: 2 membranes
- Category: Acts of Parliament/Laws/Legislation
- Description: The Petition exhibited to His Majesty by the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, concerning divers Rights and Liberties of the Subject with the King's Majesty's Royal Answer thereunto in Parliament. ["Petition of Right"]
During the reign of Charles I, there was accelerating political tension concerning the power of Parliament and the 'rights and liberties of the subject'. In 1628 the House of Commons drafted this petition proclaiming, among other things, the illegality of taxation without parliamentary consent and of arbitrary imprisonment. Although Charles accepted this curtailment of the royal prerogative and the petition became an Act, he refused to admit that these were new rights. This episode marked an important step on the road to the king's experiment in ruling without Parliament, known as the period of 'personal rule'.
The Petition of Right was delivered to Charles I on 28 May 1628 (please see, Journals of the House of Lords, 3, p 827). The King's Answer was made on 2 June 1628 (please see, Journals of the House of Lords, 3, p 835).
- Language: English
- Access Status: Open
- Access Conditions: This record contains information of outstanding constitutional or historical importance and access to the original document is restricted. Requests to view will be dealt with by providing access to a copy.
- Reproduction Conditions: Copies should be made from the digital surrogate of this record.
- Physical Description: Manuscript on large parchment.
- Copies Exist: A digital copy of this record is available. For information about how to view it, which may include online access, please follow the link below.
- Publication Notes: Journals of the House of Lords, 3, p 827. A facsimile and transcript have been made available via The National Archives website at http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/pathways/citizenship